The African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child draws its mandate from articles 32-46 of the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, which was adopted by the Heads of State and Government of the OAU on 11th July 1990 and came into force on 29th November 1999.
The Charter provides for the Establishment of an African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child consisting of 11 members.
The functions of the Committee include the following;
(a) To promote and protect the rights enshrined in the Charter particularly;
- (i) Collect and document information, commission inter disciplinary assessment of situations on African problems in the fields of the rights and welfare of the child, organize meetings, encourage national and local institutions concerned with the rights and welfare of the child and where necessary give its views and make recommendations to Government.
- (ii) Formulate and lay down principles and rules aimed at protecting the rights and welfare of children in Africa.
- (iii) Cooperate with other African, International and Regional Institutions and organizations concerned with the promotion and protection of the rights and welfare of the child.
(b) To monitor the implementation and ensure protection of the rights enshrined in the Charter
(c) To interpret the provisions of the Charter at the request of a state party, an institution of the OAU/AU or any other person or institution recognized by OAU/AU.
(d) To perform such other tasks as may be entrusted to it by the Assembly of Heads of State and Government.